We are very happy to announce that one of the participants of the exploratory workshop on Islam in Southeast Asia is Dr Yon Machmudi. The workshop will be held on September 21, 2018 (Friday) at the National Institute for Science and Mathematics Education Development (NISMED) of the University of the Philippines Diliman. He will present his current research entitled “Reemergence of the Indonesian Islamic State Groups in Indonesia.”
The Indonesia Islamic State groups under the New Order in Indonesia were represented by various groups and factions, but they originated from the single movement called Darul Islam (DI) led by Kartosuwiryo in West. In 1949 Kartosuwiryo, the imam of Darul Islam, he declared the establishment of the Indonesia Islamic State in the village of Cisampah district of Tasikmalaya West Java in order to reject the policy of the Republic of Indonesia to withdraw their troops from West Java. DI itself operated in West Java and expanded its influences in South Sulawesi and Aceh. Even though Darul Islam rebellion was already crushed totally by the state, many movements linked to DI called Negara Islam Indonesia (NII) are still apparent and have operated in secret. NII groups have been suspected for their involvements in terrorist activities in the country. Many Indonesian people who joined the Islamic State of Iraq and Syrian (ISIS) have connections with NII. This article tries to analyze the main factors that cause the reemergence of Indonesia Islamic State groups during the New Order and their involvements in terrorist activities in Indonesia.
Dr Yon Machmudi was born in Jombang, East Java, Indonesia. He received his doctoral degree from the Faculty of Asian Studies, the Australian National University (ANU) Canberra in 2007, where he specialized in Political Islam of Southeast Asia and Middle East. He also researched on “The Impact of Social Changes and Modernization of Pesantren: Toward the Decline of Ulama’s Authority in Indonesia” (2013-2015) and “Why They Resist the State: The Transformation of Darul Islam in Indonesia” (2015-2017). He wrote a book entitled Islamising Indonesia: the Rise of Jemaah Tarbiyah and the Prosperous Justice Party (2008), chapter on The Development of Political Islam in Indonesia edited by Henning Glaser (Germany: 2015), a chapter on Saudi Indonesia Relations edited by Neil Partrick (2016), The Contemporary Middle East History: The Leadership in Saudi and Libya (2016). He is currently a senior lecturer at the Arab Studies Program and the Head of Post Graduate Program of the Middle East and Islamic Studies, School of Strategic and Global Studies Universitas Indonesia (UI).